What Is a Business Impact Analysis?

Business impact analysis is a systematic process that observes business continuity plans by recognizing the main priorities to protect an organization and ensure no disruption occurs in business. Expect BIA to predict what common issues will disrupt business function and calculate the best disaster recovery strategies. BIA also works hand in hand with risk assessment where potential losses must be scrutinized until no further interruption and problems affect operations. Thanks to this analysis report, businesses can survive longer.


According to a report regarding the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy, it was estimated that major companies could lose nearly 2.4% value of GDP in 2020.

Also, SmallBizGenius reported that in 2016, about 25 million Americans were already starting or running their business.

Meanwhile, Wealth-X added that 62% of American billionaires are self-made.

Business Impact Analysis: Why Is It Crucial?

First of all, BIA is critical in any business because this risk analysis is one of the major requirements to complete your business continuity plan. And planning without the complete requirements is pointless because you would not know what resources and factors to study or manage afterward. For example, project management would not begin without setting clear requirements, and the same applies to business continuity by providing an effective BIA.

One of the major reasons the analysis is crucial is how you can predict how your enterprise deals with lost sales, tax fines, delayed income, increasing expenses, and so much more. And in the US alone, there were already 25 million Americans who already started running their business in 2016. That report alone proves how one cannot overlook business impact analysis since millions of people would have their companies affected if they are too complacent that nothing ever goes wrong.

What Are the Benefits of Business Impact Analysis?

People would not simply conduct a business impact analysis without practical reasons behind it. Indeed, just like any industry analysis, the process can be time-consuming, especially with much data to consider. But the effects are worth it if managed well. In this segment, we outlined some of the major benefits to expect in processing BIA.

Confirms the Business Continuity Scope: What are the top company resources and activities needed to bring out the enterprise’s best products and services? BIA can answer that for you. The problem with any continuity plan is when there is no proper scope calculated in the program. Thus, BIA helps you understand each activity or resource impact that brings disruption. So with the program scope confirmed, you can proceed to plan.Observes Regulatory Obligations: Any business owner would know that there are regulatory, contractual, and legal obligations involved in organizations. But the issue is when an organization has no full knowledge about what obligations to meet during times of disaster or disruption. Aim to understand and identify each appropriate obligation for your business until you comply with the business continuity planning afterward.Formulates Clear Strategies: You already know that BIA estimates the impact, may that be financial, operational, reputational, contractual, or any other impact in business. But the plan does not simply identify the possible impacts and effects for your enterprise in any disruption. You must provide strategic plans too. Clear strategies are required to ensure you meet the recovery objectives, and the result will be worth it. Thanks to BIA, strategies could not get any clearer.Visualizes the Initial Continuity Plan: To establish data collection for data analysis and form the business continuity plan is part of the system. Data may include the existing controls, staffing requirements, contact list, recovery strategies, and more. After collecting the details, you can begin visualizing how the business continuity plan should turn out. Thus, you come up with the initial plan before making the final continuity plan. And it is better to have preliminary content for the plan rather than starting from scratch since you have essential info to work with.Prepares a Recovery Timeframe: Anyone can develop an efficient plan, yet the whole plan might not be practical in terms of its timeframes. Remember that time is part of the serious considerations in planning. So besides knowing your resources and making strategies, incorporate the recovery time objectives (RTOs). Mark your calendars carefully and ensure you can follow everything before the deadlines.

The Impact of Not Considering BIA

Indeed, business impact analysis is beneficial, as reported above. But have you ever thought about what effects follow if you do not consider the said analysis? When you fail to conduct BIA, particularly when you are supposed to craft a business continuity plan after, expect the following impacts to commence:

Inaccurate Program Scope

Your expectations and the actual program performance may be irrelevant or inaccurate without proper scoping. Bear in mind that not being fully prepared with the appropriate requirements will lead to incorrect strategies or plans; thus, leading to gaps in the business continuity process. And without BIA, you would not fully understand the gaps and risks of the business continuity aspects. The risk or gap analysis is an essential part of the program, and wrong insights will cause inefficiency.

Confusion of Recovery Priorities

Besides finding it difficult to determine the scope, the BIA’s absence also leaves you confused regarding what recovery priorities you should focus on. Maybe you have good intentions to build your business, yet you failed to assign the correct recovery objectives. Therefore, your entire plan still needs a solution. An example is when an information technology expert fails to provide complete data in making recovery objectives. Hence, the disaster recovery plan will be confusing to establish.

Lack of Preparedness

From the moment your enterprise experiences the unexpected, like continuously losing sales, your company would not know how to adjust to such circumstances. Why so? Because BIA is supposed to be your preparation for such matters. A lack of preparedness will leave you anxious since you have no backup plan when you need to recover. Keep in mind that BIA has questions laid out in a questionnaire, and answering each will help you be prepared for future circumstances.

How to Conduct the Business Impact Analysis

You already know what BIA means, including its importance. More so, you determined the advantages of having BIA and the disadvantages of lacking it. Now, are you prepared to know how the business impact analysis process works? Do not worry since we got you covered on how to manage it on a step-by-step basis. What is even better? We have sample BIA templates prepared for you to download, as seen above. Just pick the right template of your choice, tweak it, and follow these steps:

Step 1: Know Your Purpose

Anyone can start a business impact analysis but not using it for the right purpose is wrong. Are you planning the BIA for a school, hospital, restaurant, or any business? And do you need it for general use or specifically for your company’s quality service, cybersecurity, management, budget, etc.? Note it down. By clarifying your purpose, you will know what to start focusing on in the analysis. And other important aspects to prioritize will slowly be identified as you follow through with the analysis.

Step 2: Find the Business Impact Analysis Scope

Determine the scope to perform a successful BIA. You already know that the appropriate activities and resources should be within the right scope. Expectations and actual performance would slowly align when you have in-scope services and products anyway. Thanks to this process, you will know how to support the critical aspects during disruptions. And the important questions to address are: (1) Why do you need business continuity? (2) What are you protecting? (3) Who is part of the process? (4) What do you need for business continuity?

Step 3: Set a Schedule for Interviews

It is vital to meet with every department’s leaders or anyone required in the subject matter. To do that, appoint a schedule for interviews. Inform everyone ahead that the meeting is specifically for BIA purposes. That way, everyone will be prepared for what to expect and contribute. The schedule should be when everyone can make it; otherwise, some points might not be heard when some important people are missing. The participants must also know about the key priorities, the department’s regular activities, and the required resource dependencies.

Step 4: Establish Both BIA and Risk Assessment Interviews

Next, do the interviews as they are crucial for both BIA and risk assessment. The interviews help you know about each department’s activities to establish until the gathered data will support the in-scope product and service delivery. Expect to document every application, facility, third-party supplier, staff, equipment, and others. The answers and insights taken from interviews will then be analyzed to create smart decisions that can help that business brace for any particular impact.

Step 5: Document and Finalize the BIA Report

From the data collection, interviews, and analysis, documented reports must follow. Documentation helps in ensuring you have all things noted or written down for proof and compliance. Your document is also what you shall present to anyone in charge of the business continuity program for the management’s review or endorsement. The documented report can be summarized, but make sure the significant points are present. You can make it detailed but direct at the same time. Ensure that the report revisits the identified aspects discussed earlier, clarifies the needed recovery time, and showcases the risks and suggestions to address. Rest assured that you build a resilient business in the end.


What outcomes can you expect from BIA?

Different outcomes can happen from BIA, depending on what you focus on. But generally, you can expect three major outcomes. First, the in-scope services and products will be prioritized. You better continue to protect your priorities, so your business can quickly recover from disruption. Second, you discover the appropriate business resources and activities. And lastly, the recovery plan is prepared in timeframes, particularly with RTOs used.

What is the relationship between BIA and risk assessment?

It is common for BIA and risk assessment to be talked about simultaneously. And that is because business continuity programs often perform them in coordination. Nonetheless, they both help in estimating possible downtime impacts and in adjusting to such difficulties.

What are the usual challenges in managing BIA?

Most challenges in dealing with business impact analysis come from inaccurate or irrelevant data, too much data, infeasible recovery time, lack of vision, and how time-consuming the procedure goes. But with the right management, rest assured it is achievable.

Many people find a business impact analysis to be tiring and time-consuming. But do not let it stop you from conducting it. You might lose your business anytime when you face various disruptions at some point. With BIA, you capture the essential details of business activities, dependencies, staffing or equipment requirements, and risks. Aim to protect your organization no matter what, or you could lose numerous assets. And remember, according to Wealth-X, 62% of US billionaires are self-made. So if you handle your enterprise well, with BIA as part of your regular plan, becoming a billionaire is not exactly impossible with that business you started.