41+ SAMPLE Science Research Report

What is a Science Research Report?

A science research report is a clear and comprehensive document which is composed of collected, analyzed, and interpreted data performed by research scientists as it clearly communicates key messages about why certain scientific findings are valuable. This is a beneficial tool that allows science researchers to carefully study, analyze, and present original scientific information, presenting its authenticity and validity in the scientific research management or science institution.

Many science research reports are being accomplished and published nowadays due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A 2021 OECD report revealed that COVID-19 contributed directly and indirectly to a 16% increase in the expected number of deaths in 2020 and the first half of 2021 across various countries. Additionally, the report stated that the average health spending to GDP ratio jumped from 8.8% in 2019 to 9.7% in 2020.

Thus, all types of science research professionals such as medical researchers, biological science researchers, agricultural researchers, astronomical and meteorological researchers, botanical researchers, chemical researchers, cytological researchers, business science researchers, and many others should record and examine their scientific research process while creating a clear and systematic science research report. 

Different Types of Science Research Report

Henrich Rohrer said: “Science means constantly walking a tightrope between blind faith and curiosity; between expertise and creativity; between bias and openness; between experience and epiphany; between ambition and passion; and between arrogance and conviction – in short, between an old today and a new tomorrow.” This is a good reminder of how important and unique the work of scientists are.  In this section, we will help aspiring and new science researchers or research scientists to increase your knowledge and research skills while learning and understanding the different types of science research reports because your technique of writing is determined by the type of science research report you will write. Read the following details below:

1. Life Science Research Report 

E. Andrew Balas wrote in his book Innovative Research in Life Sciences that there has been remarkable progress in advancing life sciences in recent decades. Discoveries are flooding out of laboratories and research universities worldwide. We are currently living in the exponential times of life sciences, not just the number of discoveries is growing, but also the advantages to people and society are multiplying. Life science research reports are fundamental to advance the knowledge and understanding of life science researchers and other scientists concerning varying modes of scientific research projects and beneficial innovation. Scientific research leads to replicable and generalizable knowledge, however it is also anticipated to be novel, non-obvious, and useful. Conducting life science research involves the scientific study of living organisms and their life processes. It covers a wide array of subjects including botany, biology, genetics, etc. This type of research study leads to a better understanding of life’s molecular building blocks, diseases processes and the new development of medical devices and therapeutics that can help in improving human health. Thus, developing an effective life science research report is important to enhance the understanding in various aspects of life sciences and to allow new insights for other fields like conservation and preservation. 

2. Science and Technology Research Report

Today, we are living where Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution exists in the manufacturing sector. It comprises artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things and other new technologies which are designed to sense, predict, and interact with the physical world and assist the production in real-time. In the Philippines, the country is accelerating the deployment of Industry 4.0 as there several programs underway to allow easy storage and sharing of environmental and geospatial data for public use, to address the lack of adequate information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure. On the other hand, science, technology and innovation in Thailand helps in their abundant biodiversity and cultural diversity. For instance, it has adopted a bio-circular-green economy model, integrating bioeconomy with the circular and green economies. These are examples of science and technology research and development projects that are beneficial in enhancing urban sustainable urban development. Writing a well-detailed science and technology research report is helpful in collecting, analyzing and interpreting data and results from ongoing science, technology and innovation projects in our society.

3. Biomedical Science Research Report

Biomedical science focuses on applying several portions of natural science to develop knowledge, interventions, or technology that are beneficial in healthcare or public health. It is a combination of biology and medicine which focuses on the health of both animals and humans. One example of a biomedical science research report is a report about discovering a potential new way to combat antibiotic resistance. Being declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as among the top 10 global public health threats, antimicrobial resistance happens when pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines. This makes infections become increasingly challenging or impossible to treat. However, a certain study that aims on combating antimicrobial resistance using cubosomes has revealed that the use of nanoparticles in combination with other antibiotics is an effective strategy to improve bacterial killing. The biomedical science research report makes an integral new contribution to the field of antimicrobial resistance, searching a new way forward to fight multidrug-resistant bacteria. Thus, developing a biomedical science research report is very useful especially in providing new information on how we deliver medicine and how the medicine we take impacts us in the future.

4. Social Science Research Mapping Report

The book Visualizing Social Science: Maps, Methods, & Meaning explains that social science research seeks to understand, explain and predict human behavior by observing, reflecting and/or measuring social phenomena. It focuses on the study of society and the relationships of individuals by seeking meaning from a human viewpoint and testing and/or constructing theories according to the investigations. Creating a social science research mapping report is essential in documenting research findings in order to measure human perceptions, behaviors, emotions, and/or personalities. 

Basic Elements of a Science Research Report

In this section, you will learn how to construct a remarkably written and well-detailed science research report. However, a primary research report has different features. Include the following elements for you to create an impressive document:

Title or Cover Page: One of the major elements of a science research report is the title or cover page. It comprises the title of the science research project, the key decision maker for whom the science research is being performed, the date and names, affiliations, and contact information of the science researchers or investigators. Keep the title short but still descriptive of the research conducted. Table of Contents: Include a table of contents page to maintain order and structure in your research report. List the headings and subheadings by page number. Add the location of all exhibits, tables, and figures that should also be listed by their designated titles.Abstract: This part is a significant section of your science research report. Being the most read portion of a science research report, it provides a brief, cohesive, and easy-to-read summary of the central information, like a sneak peak in your science research work. Clearly emphasize the main idea and key findings. It is composed of a statement of the purpose and key science research questions, a short description of the scientific research design and related details, a summary of statistical outcomes of testing scientific research questions and hypotheses, a written interpretation of the findings, and significant implication derived from the science research. Introduction:Describe the purpose of the science research study in detail. Include a list of research questions and hypotheses, plus an explanation of each. It also presents the background material which details how the science research study was initiated. This will help the reader to be prepared for the information to come as he or she reads the entire science research report.Materials and Research Methods: Carefully describe details of the experimental design, the controls used, including their purpose, the data recording techniques, exact quantities and purities of reagents, technical specifications of the apparatus, etc.. Explain the sampling process, sample characteristics and the procedures utilized to gather data. Add a short statistical overview of findings, depicting frequency distributions and descriptive variables. This section provides the reader with contextual data. .Results and Discussion: Showcase the science research findings addressing the research questions and hypotheses. Explain the selection of data analysis techniques and illustrate the details of the results and discussion. Quantitative results are typically shown in tables and charts. Recommendations and Conclusions: Summarize the results clearly. Use bulleted text to highlight fundamental results solving specific science research questions. List recommendations if requested. Include some suggestions for further research building on the current results. Add a discussion of the limitations of the primary research as well. References and Citations: Acknowledge the sources or every piece of information that is included in your science research report to avoid plagiarism. This will fortify your arguments with legitimate guidance from the existing literature.Cite your references properly.

How to Write a Science Research Report

A science research report can effectively outline and describe the results of a scientific research. Writing a compelling and systematic science research report helps science researchers to have opportunities in making their research work widely known to the scientific community which can lead to its publication, resulting in the dissemination of knowledge and allowing a larger audience to become informed of the scientific work. Below are some easy-to-follow tips that indicate how to design and write a professional science research report:

Step 1: State the Specific Goals in the Research 

What are your specific goals in your research? First, you need to state the specific goals in the scientific research study that you will be conducting. Define the purpose of your science research or simply, focus on the definite matter you have set out to accomplish. This is beneficial in monitoring and evaluating the progress in your science research work.

Step 2: Outline the Scientific Research Process 

Outline the overall scientific research process that you will be conducting throughout your science research study. The steps in the scientific research process are asking a question, making predictions, collecting data, and analyzing data. After making observations and collecting data, define a question that you will investigate which will guide you in pursuing the answer to the question so that you are able to continue on your research work. Then, come up with a hypothesis. Explain your strategies in collecting data.

Step 3:  Illustrate the Results and Conclusion of the ScienceResearch

Be specific as you illustrate major results and conclusions through overall scores or percentages. Organize these elements and insert some headings to clearly present the results of your science research study. At the last part of each subsection, briefly summarize your science research findings and provide a transition to the next subsection. Thus, tell your reader what you explored in your science research.

Step 4:  Proofread and Revise the Research Report

Review your overall science research report and check if you fully include all the crucial elements in your report. If you notice that you overlook some sections that require sufficient points, we suggest that you edit and revise the document thoroughly.

Step 5: Prepare the Final Science Research Report

After the proofreading and revision process, you can now prepare the final science research report. Add some notes and other messages you want to inform the science research and development team on the concluding part of your document. Skim your science research report for final >evaluation and quality check.


What are some examples of science research reports?

Some examples of science research reports are global science research report, life science research report, science and technology research report, development of science research skill report, biomedical science research report, physical science research report, biological science research report, social science research mapping report, computer science research report, art and science research report, information science research professional report, astronomical and meteorological science research report, ecological science research report, ethological science research report, forensic science research report, and more.

What is the purpose of a science research report?

The purpose of a science research report is to demonstrate the results of the overall scientific research process. It is useful in developing a scientific writing skill, connecting with senior colleagues, enhancing academic career, improving job opportunity, improving funding opportunities for senior researchers, generating data for future research, and providing reliable scientific information.

What are the significant steps in writing a science research report?

When you write your science research report, you should perform the major steps such as stating the specific goals in the science research, outlining the science research process, illustrating the results of the science research, proofreading and revising the research report, and preparing the final science research report.   

How to synthesize scientific research findings?

To be able to synthesize scientific research findings, it is important to integrate the scientific information in a relevant method. In order to synthesize your research findings, summarize the scientific information, examine it, interpret it, and draw conclusions for your readers.

Writing a simple and effective science research report is integral in documenting integral information in a science research study and in providing innovative solutions to the science research problems and other issues of concern. Scientists need to document every experiment they performed, every data collected and every result obtained for the advancement of science. To be successful in science research report writing, constantly perform a literature research, develop a hypothesis, conduct actual scientific research, analyze data, edit the research findings to a scientific report and publish an article. So, here are some of our downloadable and printable science research report samples available in different kinds of formats. Simply click our sample science research reports in this article and start downloading now!