What are Books?

Books are collections of printed or written material that are bound together in order to provide education, enjoyment, or enlightenment. They typically contain written works of fiction or non-fiction, poetry, or academic or scholarly literature. Books supply knowledge about a specific subject or area of interest through a collection of insightful pages that also serve as a means of interaction and learning. These publications are essential to preserving a record of human history, creativity, and philosophy that may be passed down from one generation to the next.

In 2019, 72% of American adults reported reading a book in the previous year, according to the Pew Research Center. Similar percentages were reported in 2015 (71%) and 2016 (76%), indicating that this number has been comparatively consistent in recent years. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in book sales and reading in 2020. According to a National Endowment for the Arts study, 89% of individuals stated that they’d read at least one book in the previous year, and 34% of respondents claimed to have read books more frequently during the pandemic.

Types of Books and Literary Genres

Books are a reflection of our interests, and they come in different genres to cater to different reading preferences. The most common types of books include fiction and nonfiction books, poetry books, historical fiction books, autobiography and biography books, memoir books, children’s books, self-help books, drama, comedy, fantasy, mystery, and travel books. Each of these genres has unique characteristics and features that make them appealing to readers of different tastes and interests. In this section, we will explore the different types of books and literary genres.

Fiction and Non-Fiction Books: Books classified as fiction are those in which the characters, settings, and events are made up. Fictional books normally feature constructed storylines, characters, and events that are the authors’ imaginative creations. Although the stories and characters in fiction books are frequently made up by the author, they may be inspired by actual events or circumstances. Nonfiction books, on the other hand, are factual books that are written about actual people, genuine events, tangible things, or authentic phenomena. These books are generally factually accurate and transparent, and their prime objective is to inform readers about the subject matter they discuss. Nonfiction books can cover a broad spectrum of subjects such as politics, science, history, and biographies. Poetry Books: Poetry is a style of creative writing that utilizes words to eloquently and vividly communicate thoughts, feelings, and emotions. The language is often rhythmic and metaphorical, and it can incorporate literary techniques such as imagery and symbolism to evoke a certain feeling or convey a point of view. There are many types of poetry books including anthologies (a collection of poems from different authors or time periods, often focusing on a particular theme or style), sonnets (a structured poem consisting of 14 lines, usually about love or romantic themes), haiku (a Japanese poem consisting of three lines, with a 5-7-5 syllable structure; often about nature or the seasons), free verse (a poem that does not follow a specific rhyme or meter, allowing for more freedom in the expression), epic poetry (a long narrative poem usually telling the story of a hero or heroic event, often with a traditional rhyme scheme), and odes (a type of lyrical poetry, expressing admiration or appreciation for an object or person). Historical Fiction Books: One of the various literary subgenres that exist is historical fiction. The story is historically accurate, with every aspect according to prevailing customs, which is its most significant aspect. It takes place in a factually correct location and a distinguishable era. Even though the author fills in the gaps, the details and the action in the story may combine real-world incidents with those from their imagination. Characters may be entirely created works of fiction, may be inspired by real persons, or both. Some examples of historical fiction books are The Odyssey (8th century B.C.), The Pillars of the Earth (1989), Ireland (2005), 11/22/63 (2011), and The Glass Woman (2019). Autobiography and Biography Books: Although they both recount a person’s life, autobiographies and biographies are not the same thing. An autobiography is a person’s written account of his or her own life. A biography is created when an author produces a book on the life of another person. Since an autobiography is a book about the author’s own experiences, it is typically written in the first person (I, me, my). A biography is often written from a third-person perspective (she, her, hers, he, him, his), as the author is documenting someone else’s experiences and it appears to be more analytical than an autobiography. Both biographies and autobiographies describe a person’s life and are nonfiction writings that depict occurrences that took place during that person’s life. Memoir Books: A memoir is a story about a significant event in the author’s life told from their point of view. It is a first-person, non-fictional narrative of experiences and memories from the author’s personal life. Memoirs (French for “remember” or “reminisce”) concentrate on intimate experience, emotional reality, and personal experience; memoir writers frequently interpret their memories and actual events in order to construct a compelling story. It is a creatively written work that draws from research and recounts a real event from the author’s life, rather than being an autobiography. The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou, and Restaurant Confidential by Anthony Bourdain are a few memoir book examples.. Children’s Books: Children’s books, also referred to as children’s literature, are materials created with the intention of educating or entertaining children and adolescents. All non-fiction, literary, and creative works in both physical and digital versions are included. These stories deliver emotional support amid challenging life conditions in addition to imparting new knowledge by expanding children’s vocabulary and communication skills. Reading excellent novels will help kids of all ages have a sharper focus, greater intelligence, creativity, and a greater awareness of their surroundings. Children’s books can be of several genres, including traditional children’s literature, picture books, fairytales and folklore, fantasy fiction, historical fiction, and realistic fiction. Self-help Books: Self-help books are published with the purpose to advise their readers on overcoming dilemmas. Derived from Samuel Smiles’ 1859 best-seller Self-Help, they are also known and categorized under the more contemporary term “self-improvement.” If you’re already motivated to change your lifestyle, self-help books can serve as an incredible tool by giving you some instructions in the right direction. According to the research, “Self-help has greatest success with people with high motivation, resourcefulness, and positive attitudes toward self-help treatments.” James Clear’s Atomic Habits, Daniel Kahneman’s Thinking Fast And Slow, and Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist are a few self-help book examples. Drama: Drama is an alternative genre of written and visual media that is used for relatively serious narrative fiction. But nonetheless, drama in literature is characterized by a plot with dialogues and performances. It is written in the form of a script, and the dialogue delivered by the actors who play the characters serves to tell the narrative. Despite the fact that numerous dramas have been remade and adapted for film, TV, or radio, plays are the most common form in which dramas are performed. Drama can serve a variety of purposes, including teaching, educating, amusing, healing, social, cultural, religious, and political experiences. Comedy: A dramatic piece that is written with the aim of amusing or entertaining the audience is referred to as a comedy. It’s a sort of dramatic performance having a light or comic tone that portrays entertaining circumstances in which the characters finally win over difficulties. A comedy was a stage play with a pleasant conclusion to the ancient Greeks and Romans. 

How to Read and Analyze a Book

Dr. Seuss said: “The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.” Here are the basic steps on how to read and analyze a book effectively.

Step 1: Summarize the Basic Plot and Research the Context

In order to further immerse yourself in the story, compose an overview of the plot of the book you are currently reading. After that, look into the author’s background and previous writings to provide context for the author’s viewpoint and bias as well as to inform the reader of any potential commentary the author may be offering. From the story itself, additional context-related queries may arise. Think about who the narrator is addressing as well as the narrator’s personality and place in the narrative.

Step 2: Examine the Setting and Identify the Plot

A story’s setting and time frame can have a massive effect. Think on the author’s choice of setting for the story and the reasoning behind it. The location is crucial for deciphering the meaning of a narrative because many would be irrevocably changed if they had a different setting. It will be easier to evaluate, understand, and clarify the story if you can pinpoint the key plot points. Examine the major issue or conflict, the climax, and the resolution in considerable detail.

Step 3: Delve Through the Characters, Literary Devices, and Themes

Major characters and supporting characters alike are what keep stories moving, and authors use them to convey their most pertinent aspects. Consider why the character was portrayed in that way after first defining the character for yourself. Allusion, foil, foreshadowing, irony, and other literary devices help to convey meaning or set the tone. Determine the author’s main ideas and how each one contributes to the overall meaning. Discovering an author’s themes provides a foundation for your thesis which gives you a broad subject. But a theme is all-encompassing. Dig a little deeper to identify the author’s statement or attitude about that topic.

Step 4: Develop a Final Literary Analysis of the Book

Create a book report or a literature review when you’ve finished your analysis that makes a debatable assertion about the text. It should correlate one of the ideas you’ve noted to specific examples from the literature (i.e. setting, context, plot, characters, symbolism, allusions, etc.). You may occasionally seek the assistance of other analysts or literary specialists.


Where can I download some PDF books for free?

You can download PDF books for free on these websites: Adobe PDF, BookBub, Bookboon, FreeBooksy, ManyBooks, eReader News Today, Kindle Store, Open Library, Obooko, OpenStax.org, PDF Books Worlds, Scribd, Smashwords, and Project Gutenberg.

Which apps are used for reading PDF books for free?

Some apps used for reading PDF books for free are Adobe Acrobat Reader, Librera, Xodo PDF Reader, Foxit, and All PDF.

What are the different types of fiction book genres?

The different types of fiction book genres are fantasy, adventure, romance, contemporary, dystopian, mystery, horror, thriller, historical fiction, science fiction, and children’s books.

What are the different types of non-fiction book genres?

The different types of non-fiction book genres are memoir, cookbook, art, self-help, development, motivational, health, history, travel, guide/how-to, families & relationships, and humor.

Society has always placed a high value on books and reading. They provide us the opportunity to study, develop, discover new places, and welcome unique viewpoints into our life. Exploring various literary genres and book types can broaden our perspectives and introduce us to unique ideas. People will benefit from having the ability to read and analyze books throughout their lives. Indeed, books are a priceless source of information, amusement, and personal development, and they need to be valued and shared by everybody. Sample.net provides a diverse template collection of PDF documents for free books online and reading that you can use such as Book of Enoch, book reviews, book proposals, etc.