What Is a Farm Partnership Agreement?

A Farm Partnership Agreement appoints the scale of partners’ income tax payments or deductions to the share of their profits or losses. Partners also carry individual liability for gains or losses sustained in the sale of the farm’s fixed assets and facilities. Moreover, the income of a farm partnership is not subject to taxation, because partners are individually liable for the taxes accredited to their income. The partnership only files Form 1065 to report the generated and distributed income or losses. 

What Is a Farm Partnership? 

A Farm Partnership is when two or more farmers come to an agreement to share resources so they can enjoy benefits such as economies of scale and better work-life balance. Farmers can make use of a number of financial supports aimed at encouraging and maintaining the development of farm partnerships. 

While a partnership is a business arrangement where the profits from that business are split among the partners in the partnership, the liability scope of farm partners relies on whether they signed a general partnership or a limited partnership agreement. General partners join in the daily management of the business, while limited partners only contribute capital, such as funds, land, and equipment. In comparison, general partnership extends partners’ responsibilities to their personal properties, limited partnership restricts such responsibilities to properties owned by the farm enterprise. 

Since 2002, partnerships have been used as a structure to combine two or more farming businesses into one arrangement, known as inter family partnerships or just between two farm families. 

What Are the Aims and Objectives of the Partnership Firm? 

A partnership is just like of business where a formal and a legal agreement between two or more people is made to agree to be the co-owners, distribute responsibilities for controlling an organization, and communicate the income or incompetence that the firm creates. 

The aims of partnership firms are to turn a profit at maximum level, to optimize revenue from purchases, and if they want to make huge money. While the partnership firm’s goals are: profits to partners, success in the market competition, services of products, and gain more market shares. 

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Partnership? 

Contemplate a partnership if the number of people involved is small (up to about 20) and limited liability is not essential. 

The advantages of a partnership include: 

The disadvantages of a partnership include: 

The general form of partnership is known as intra family partnership, also known as ‘within family’, where the partnership is used as a transition arrangement to slowly introduce a successor to the family farming business. 

What to Know Before Partnership Registration? 

Business partnerships play a big role in the success of new ventures. They come with an extra managerial support—a blend of skills, intellectual, and monetary capital. Maintaining partnerships is a task since factors like ego, money, conflict can lead to a bigger problem. Before your partnership registration, make sure you are knowledgeable about these:

Do Not Rush in Selecting a Partner. It is better to know your options before signing the farm partnership agreement. A lot of thought should go in choosing the right partner for your farm business. People with similar mind-sets, goals, and values normally create successful partnerships. Networking is a great way to start. It would help you to understand the other persons work methods and ethics. Additionally, partnerships are dependent on two or more individuals working together for making profits in a business. If one of them disagrees with the other, it can harm the business. Thus, it is best to choose your partner carefully for a successful business arrangement.Partnership Registration Is Highly Suggested. Partnership registration is vital as the nature of partnerships is not certain. All the clauses when spelt out create a sense of transparency. That is why it is recommended to create a balanced Partnership Agreement for partners. Some of the benefits of partnership agreement registration gives partners the capability to file a case against third parties, and other partners; grants the power to claim set-off against any third-party claim and; it is easier and faster to convert into any other business structure if the partnership is registered. The following are the essentials of a controlled and a well-drafted contract: the name of the partnership, partners’ contribution, management duty, profit and loss allocation, partners’ authority, new partner admittance, partner withdrawal, and dispute resolutionResearch About LLP Registration. Limited Liability Partnership is an ideal option to make a more secure structure than the general partnership. It keeps the liabilities among the partners limited. LLP Registration provides the following benefits: flexibility, liability protection (one partner would not be held liable for the actions of the other), increases the credibility (raising funds from financial institutions becomes easy), a separate legal entity from the partners (allowing an LLP to own assets in its own name), tax Advantages (LLP gets extra benefits while other requirements remain the same as the general partnership), and continuous existence (exit or death of partners does not affect the LLP).Be Cautious in Deciding the Capital Distribution. Capital is the fuel that secures the running of every business. It can be your money, resources, or contacts. One can make capital contributions at any stage of the partnership firm registration. Providing all your capital can make differences and clashes. Moreover, sharing expenses by assigning duties makes dissolution simpler. The clause should specify partners initial contribution to the firm; changes made in the capital amount; if there is no contribution from any partner the deed should specify that too and; the stamp duty amount is dependent on the capital invested during the registration. The contribution can be made in different forms like in cash; tangible assets, which can be machinery, inventory, land, or building; and intangible assets—these include intellectual properties, goodwill, or customers. The partnership agreement must include the asset valuation as contributed by each partner. This makes dissolution faster by dividing share between the partners. Along with the deed, books of accounts should have all this information. In case of a change in total capital or in an individual partner’s investment, an additional agreement is required. And if the partnership deed is registered, the changes are to be notified to the RoF.Organize An Exit Strategy. The partnership agreement should have a specific exit plan. It should always describe the procedure, the details about the distribution of profits, and the firms’ dissolution strategy. Moreover, an exit strategy should let you or your partner walk away from the partnership, or that provides options to buy out the other party. Taking a third party on the board can help solve issues, as he can act like a tiebreaker. Voting rights are a must to avoid deadlocks, especially where it’s a 50/50 share partnership.

4 Steps in Forming a Farm Partnership: 

The usual form of partnership known as intra family partnership, is where the partnership is used as a transition arrangement to gradually introduce a successor to the family farming business. 

Step 1: Setting Up the Partnership Herd Number 

The existing herd number or herd numbers—in the case where two separate farms are combining—must be changed into the same name as the partnership and the partnership bank account. 

This totally means adding a name or two names to the existing herd number. Changes to a herd number must be done through the local District Veterinary Office (DVO) by completing and submitting one of two forms. It is essential to seek the advice of the local DVO in making changes to the herd number. A note explaining the required changes to the herd number by the partnership set up process should be provided to the DVO. 

The forms used are as follows: 

An ER1.1 form should be used where names are added to a herd number provided the registration details and herd keeper are not changing. 

An ER1 form is required where the herd keeper is changing. 

Copies of all ER1 and ER1.1 forms submitted to the DVO should be kept on file along with a date stamp or receipt from the DVO as proof that it was submitted. 

When combining two herd numbers, in a case where two herd numbers are being merged into one, a separate ER1.1 form must be filled out for each herd number to change the name on each respective herd number into the partnership name. Where one of these two herd numbers is being made dormant, it is important to instruct the DVO in writing not to ‘End Date’ this herd number. 

It is essential to be aware that if changes are made to a herd number after the Basic Payment Scheme application and amendment deadlines, it may cause delays in the receipt of payments in that year. 

This should be discussed with the agricultural advisor. The key window for making changes to a herd number is after basic payments have been received for the current year but well in advance of the Basic Payment Scheme Application period for the following year. 

Generally, this means changes should be made between December and the end of February the following year to allow ample time for successful processing of the ER1 and ER1.1 forms by the District Veterinary Office. 

On the other hand, any changes to the names on a herd number will require a ‘Transfer of Entitlements’ form.  If the changes occur before the Basic Payment Scheme deadline, then the transfer form must be submitted before the Basic Payment Scheme deadline. 

Step 2: Setting Up the Partnership Bank Account 

In the majority of situations, financial institutions or the bank will not allow a name to be added to an existing current account. A new partnership bank account must be set up in the same name as the partnership. This becomes the trading account for the partnership through which all partnership income and expenditure is channeled. It is very important to take ownership of the process of moving bank accounts to ensure that any direct debits or standing orders for utilities or loan repayments are reestablished in the new partnership bank account. 

Step 3: Completing the On-Farm Agreement 

The on-farm agreement should be completed by the partners and their families as part of setting up the partnership. 

A professional help can be used in this document but the daily operation of the partnership is very much the responsibility of the partners. If this aspect is not taken seriously, many of the benefits from its formation such as better lifestyle will not turn into a reality. 

Step 4: Completing the Registration Process 

The arrangement of the farm partnership and the registration process is usually completed with the help of all of the following professionals or a combination of all three: 

The roles and responsibilities of these professionals are vital that they need to cooperate and work together in the formation of the partnership to achieve the best result for the farm family. 


What type of farming is the most profitable?

Although soybeans are the most profitable crop for large farms, fruit trees and berries create the most profit of all farm sizes. As farm size grows, labor costs to tend, and harvest fruit trees and berries become too high to maintain profits.

What crop is in highest demand?

The world’s most valuable cash crop is cannabis, according to an absolute value perspective. It is followed by rice, maize, and then wheat.

Which vegetable farming is more profitable?

Tomato cultivation is one of the most profitable agriculture businesses. Cultivating tomato is an excellent choice for those looking to harvest a commercially important crop in 4 times a year.

Generally, these are some of the essentials a businessman needs to be aware of before thinking about having a farm partnership. These key points can help make better decisions when it comes to the partnership and establish a successful business. Partnerships are great to start out with, however, as one develops, many other business structures can be chosen according to one’s requirements. 

A great farm partnership can help build a healthier planet. However, it is important to ensure it is carried out properly, in a way that puts money back into the pockets of the people who grow our food, and most especially, we need to make a system that can scale. 

Well-managed farm partnership is an effective way to coordinate and campaign production and marketing in agriculture. Nonetheless, it is crucially an agreement between unequal parties: companies, government bodies, or individual entrepreneurs on the one hand and economically weaker farmers on the other. It is, however, an approach that can give to both increased income for farmers and higher profitability for sponsors. When effectively organized, controlled, and managed, farm partnership lessens risk and uncertainty for both parties as compared to buying and selling crops on the open market.