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What is a Teaching Plan?
A teaching plan is an outline of the details of a course. All the subjects that they will about to teach will be in it. It is a document about every single session that a teacher will teach. It is comprehensive and have the step-by-step methods. It has the learning content, teaching methods, and teaching aids. All of it will be described in a teaching plan. It also contains the duration of each classes and the materials needed in it. Priorities and strategies in teaching are also included in a teaching plan. It relays all the skills that a teacher will use. It also has the principles and philosophies in teaching. It contains key questions about the topic, provides the things that will be discussed and all analyses, gives all the answers that a teacher could give, and states plans when any conversation arises. Every teaching plan is used by any teacher to aid them in their teaching. When their strategies are visible, it would easy for them to apply it. They would also be reminded of all the philosophies that they have in teaching. A teaching plan would clearly guide them as they start every lesson. Both the teacher and students rely with this.
Components of a Teaching Plan
What are the things that are included in a teaching plan? The following are what a teaching plan contains:
The Details of a Course
It includes the session title that is written in the syllabus and the period that a teacher will about to teach. It is detailed with the course number and the course description. It can also contain some notes about the particular course.
Time of Every Session
It clearly states the length of each course. For example, if the session is 60 minutes, it should be stated there. Remember to put the duration of each course so that you will know how long you will be teaching each subject.
The Teaching Outcome
List 3-4 knowledge or skills that you want your student to learn at the end of each course. This would be the purpose of your teaching. Your students must learn from you and will be able to demonstrate this skills after you have taught them. You will know if their learning journey with the syllabus is effective. Put 1-2 teaching outcome statements that will guide you in this matter. It will remind you on how you will be able to perform your teaching to get the desired outcome.
The Learning Activities
For every segment of your plan, you must indicate what are your teaching methods and how you are going to use it. You must be clear on how each steps will look like. If you think of having a lecture as a teaching method, you can put it in your teaching plan. Also you can use group discussion. You can also instill games in your teaching. It is also good to ask for feedback. All your activities should be motivated to produce the teaching outcome. Use every good teaching method that you can think of to make the learning deeper. There is a research that proves that students learn more easily with multiple modalities in a single course. It is always useful to use examples and anecdotes. Use also student’s experiences and current events. Case studies is also a good tool. The use of video clips and photo or images are helpful. You can also do teaching in group work or by having presentations. There are numerous of teaching styles and tools that you can use to make your teaching better. Role playing, class polling, games, and related questionings are also advisable. Through all the learning segment, create a transition that would make the activities effective. Have an opening, a body, and a closing for every activity. Plan every transition so that you can achieve great results.
The Resources or References
It is also important to provide references for every session. The recommended readings will make clearer understandings of every learning content available. You will also relate that what you are teaching is reliable.
The Required Materials
It listed all the items and materials that a teacher and students might be needing in order to accomplish a lesson. It contains all the equipments that will make the session modalities possible. It states how can they can use it creatively and what are the things that can be borrowed from the instructor.
The Teaching Instruction
The way on how a teacher can best tap into the learning modalities is included. Their means could be in audio, visual, or kinesthetic. The way on how they can engage their students to participate in discussion is important. A teacher’s instruction must be well-defined.
The Importance of a Teaching Plan
A teaching plan is like a vitamin in the teacher’s life. It is essential to convey all the learning content in a specific timeline. It tells how a lesson will progress. Here are the importance of a teaching plan.
How to Prepare a Teaching Plan
In preparing a teaching plan, a teacher needs to remember some steps to be able to create it. Here are the following steps.
Step 1 Identify the objectives of a teaching plan.
Before planning, you must first know the learning objectives of your teaching plan. It describes all the things that your students will know. It were all the things that they will do after learning. The language that should be used in your objectives must be easy to understand. It has these following characteristics:
- It were definite given tasks that do not use jargons and do not have confusing vocabulary that describes achievable goals and not vague activities.
- It were essential learning matters that describes necessary learning which a student must accomplish.
- It should be measurable and should be demonstrated in a good way.
- It should be fair in case you have students with disabilities.
- It is linked to other course programs and has better goals.
Step 2 Plan all the possible activities.
The learning activities should be considered carefully. You should know what kinds of activities you can give to your students. There are various activities that your students can engage in. Use activities that can develop their skills and knowledge. Choose ones that can be effective in a particular course. Activities should be related to the objectives of each course. Provide experiences that can give progress to these objectives. They should explain and illustrate the topic in different ways. You can use real-life samples, analogies, and different situations to make the topic clearer. Activity types should impact all your student’s learning experiences.
Step 3 Assess the understanding of your students.
Assessments like exams, school papers, problem sets, and student’s performances demonstrate the skills of your students. They also tell how much they have learned from you. It is important for you to think of how you will assess the understanding of your students beforehand. This will know how your teaching will be successful. The assessment will be the decision you will make about are the following:
- Formative assessment and summative assessment
- Type of tasks that you will assess and its number
- The rubrics or the criteria that you will use in judgment
- The roles of the students in the process like self-assessment and assessment of peers
- The giving of feedback both for the students and teacher for them to know how they can improve
- The information on how a certain task can affect the overall grade
Step 4 Provide a lesson in a good manner.
The events of a teacher’s instructions should be in a meaningful manner. Provide lessons that can be easily understand by your students. You must gain their attention. Inform them of all the objectives. Stimulate all the necessary knowledge in a way that they can recall it easily. Give them new content outline. Always provide guidance. Let them practice what they have learned.
Step 5 Give a realistic timeline to your lessons.
Do not put so many learning objectives. A number of 2-3 concepts is enough. Remember that you only have a few time for your lesson. Allot a realistic time bound for every session. A student may learn better if you will allow lessons that is enough for every session.
Is Teaching Plan Necessary?
Of course, a teaching plan is necessary. In fact, it is the most important in teaching. A teacher cannot survive without a teaching plan. It tells whether they can teach their students well.
What are the Things Included in a Teaching Plan?
The things that are included in a teaching plan are the specific outline of a course, how long a session would be, the teaching methods that are going to be used, the activities that improve the students’ skills, and some strategies in teaching.
Teaching plan is a necessary element in teaching. If you are a teacher, you know that you cannot live without a teaching plan. You must continually make a teaching plan to ensure that all the courses that you are teaching can be taught well. Make an effective teaching plan and you can keep the integrity in your teaching profession.